CAA & NRC (Citizenship Amendment Act and National Register of Citizens) Write Your opinion
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28 Dec, 2019 12:10 AM
Citizenship amendment act is facing lots of criticism in India as well as abroad. As Indian constitution has inbuilt rule of secularism and equality. But in this act many people think there is violation of the secular law as muslims are not getting benefited from the Citizenship amendment act. A petition in opposition of the bill was signed by almost 1,000 Indians ( including scholars and scientists). For International freedom, United States also criticised the Citizenship amendment act. This is the amendment done in the bill of citizenship ammendment act of 1955. This provide a way to minority people of the other countries like - Bangladesh, Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Crieteria to use the Citizenship ammendment act
First crieteria is minorities in above mentioned countries should have entered the Indian country on or before dated time - 31st of Dec 2014. Another one is they should have faced in past persecution by religion or fear of religious persecution. And lastly, the Indian government has also relaxed requirements for resistance for counter relaxation from 11 years and converted into 5 years. Citizenship amendment act (CAB) which is passed in lok sabha and Rajya sabha on Wednesday and will be approved by the president of India in 2019. Members that were against this bill were less in number that is 99. And those who were in favour of this bill were more in number that is 125 people. In Rajya sabha voting took six hours of debate . In addition to BJP, citizenship amendment act is also accepted by- SAD, BJD, TDP, YSR- congress.
Minorities present in that country are listed as-
Hindhus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Jains, Christian, paresis. Muslims are excluded to take benefit from this amendment. Whereas, few opposing people also believe that it legalize regional discrimination. Concern have also been raised for not including several non muslim countries surrounding India. Like - Sri lanka. Here, different religious figures like shiv sena have raised a sense of responsibility towards the Citizenship status of Tamil speaking Hindus thise who were allowed to stay in the country in state Tamil Nadu within law because of discrimination felt in past times.
Effect on North Eastern states
Assam these days is in its most outrage and anger against citizenship amendment act because they are fearing that illegal Bengali hindu can migrate from Bangladesh. If they are regulated within citizenship amendment act, linguistic and cultural identifies are threatened. The citizenship amendment act is not applied on tribal peoples of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura as it was included in the construction (6th ) schedule. These seven sisters remain out of the effect of citizenship ammendment act.
The confusion between NRC and CAB
The National register of citizens (NRC) which targeted illegal immigrants. A proof is needed for themselves given either by them or given by their ancestors. That they lived in Assam on or before dated time- 24 th march, 1971. National register of citizens which might spread to more parts of the country is unlike citizenship ammendment act which is religion based.
As the number of questions are raising from muslims being not benefited by the act. Orher countries Muslims still have right to apply for citizenship of India according to the persisting Law. 566 Muslims have given citizenship by this law. Wheather it is a law or not ? What matters is the humanity. Which is not taught but it something inbuilt within self since ages. Every child is born good hearted without impurities and full of livelihood. But after coming in this materialistic world mind changes and does crimes against humanity, terrorism, robbery and so many cases. And leads to conditions like India Pakistan division. And also implementation of Citizenship amendment act. Our mind needs to be changed first then the world will change.
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18 Mar, 2020 10:14 AM
Requesting for rectifying the sentence or brife me.... This is the amendment done in the bill of citizenship amendment act.
27 Dec, 2019 11:33 PM
NRC is a process by which the person who all are unable to produce its citizenship with the help of ancestral proof or various other 14 Documents like AAdhar Card, PAN card, Ancestral land-owning, etc. are excluded from the citizenship.
NRC only happened in Assam in 2019 in which 19 Lakh people were unable to produce their documents and they got excluded.
NRC, first of all, happened in 1951 after that in 2019 NRC is the second one.
CAA is acted by which minorities of the neighboring Islamic countries like Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afganistan whose are persecuted in the term of Religion get citizenship of India, who came and leaving in India before 31 December 2014.
In CAA only non-muslim communities are included like Jain Hindus, Parsis, Buddhists, Sikh, Christens.
Flaws in CAA:
- It only includes three neighboring. countries and six religion (Non-Muslims)
- Not included other persecuted minorities like Ahemadiyas, Shias of Pakistan, Rohingya of Bangladesh, Hazras of Afganistan, Uighurs of China.
Before in India citizenship never given on the basis of religion, that's why it breaches Article 14 of the Indian constitution which states that stat should not exercise its power against equal protection of the law and the same law for everyone.
In NRC, who all are excluded in it, have to shift in detention center which is already built-in Assam, and few are in process in Mumbai and Bengaluru. This violates Article-21, which is a fundamental right of the constitution stated the right to life includes the restriction on forceful detention from the country.
India gives citizenship by 5 means, By birth, decent, Naturalization, registration, and waiver, but never ever on the basis of Religion.
Because of this decision, it definitely affects the secular nature of the country. Other countries like Japan and Bangladesh have canceled their visit to India.
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25 Dec, 2019 1:44 PM
Facts you should know about NRC
NRC is the national Register Of citizens, The NRC identified illegal immigrants from Assam on the supreme court's order This has been a state-specific exercise to keep its ethnic uniqueness unaltered. Its implementation has been a growing demand for its nationwide implementation. OUR HOME MINISTER AMIT SHAH has proposed that the NRC in Assam is to be implemented in the whole country. Its motive is to bring in legislation that will enable the government to identify infiltrators who have been living in India illegally. for detaining them and deporting them to where they came from.
What is the CAA?
According to CAA, Hindu, Christian, Buddhist. Jain, Sikh and Parsi migrants who have entered India illegally that is without a visa on or before 31 Dec 2014 from Muslim majority countries such as Pakistan, Afganistan and Bangladesh. If they have stayed in our country for 5 years are eligible for applying for Indian citizenship. The union government claims that people of six religions have faced persecution in these three Islamic countries. India is a moral obligation to provide them shelter.
How is the CAA connected to the NRC?
In my opinion, both of them are not connected in any way. The NRC is a count of legitimate Indian citizens. Barring the state of Assam, this exercise has never been done anywhere in the country. Union Home Minister Amit Shah has said that "he will frame a nationwide NRC by 2024 to detect illegal migrants". while on 22nd December Honorable prime minister Narendra Modu said that his government has never said anything about an NRC except in Assam.
The home ministery clarified saying that the present legal process of acquiring Indian citizenship by nay foreigners of any category through naturalization or through registration will stay operational and it does not amend or alter the process in any manner. The ministry further stated that hundreds of Muslims who migrated from these three countries have been granted citizenship in a few years. in the same way all the migrants will be given Indian citizenship irrespective of their religion if they are eligible for this. This is clarified earlier that CAA has nothing to do with the NRC. The ministry stated that the legal provisions of NRC have been a part of the citizenship act 1955.
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