One Nation, One Election
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1 Nov, 2019 6:20 PM
'One Nation, One Election' means conducting all the elections, i.e; the Lok Sabha and the different State Assemblies elections together, only once in the gap of five years, excluding panchayat elections, state municipalities and by-elections. There are meany merits of this initiative.
Some of these are mentioned as follows:
Holding elections simultaneously leads to saving of Government money up to a very large extent.It will reduce the burden on security forces as well. According to studies, it is found that there are approx 4000 MLA's in 28 states and 9 Union Territories of India.The maximum expenditure limit for bigger assemblies is approximately 30 lacs. Overall, it means that if all the states and Union Territories go for elections at one time, then total cost will be around Rs. 11 billion. Moreover, if elections are held at different intervals, then it would cost more, approximately 15-20 billions.
The next merit of this initiative is that it is a major policy through which Government can keep a check on Black Money. It is a very well-known fact that elections involve huge amount of black money. If elections are held simultaneously, then Government can judge this problem and can convert black money into white one. Thus, if elections are conducted like this, then India's economy can also grow.
It can be seen almost every time in India, that due to these election festivals, which held frequently in our country, many new projects and policies cannot be implemented. So, one time election will ensure the initiation and continuity of new policies and projects of the Central and all the State Government simultaneously.
In order to conduct free and fair elections in country and states, a very high security, manpower and machinery is required. The colleges, schools, offices are much affected during elections held frequently. Thus, if the elections are held at once, then the work at different institutes of India will be regular and it will be easier for people of the country to maintain the routine.
Moreover, when the elections are held at different intervals, then it happens that whenever State elections are held, many different rules and policies are introduced for people based on the caste, religion, community. This leads to many arguments between different state people. So, if elections take altogether at one level, then all the people of India will be given same rights, have to follow same rules and regulations. Hence, there will be no discrimination among people.
So, it can be seen that there are many merits of 'One Nation, One Election'. But, every coin has two sides. If there are merits of this policy, then there are demerits of this policy as well. Since, this policy exclude the panchayat election, municipality and by-elections, so, it will result in fading out of different small local issues which cannot be considered in Lok Sabha. Moreover, regional parties will have no longer existence. All the powers will only be in the hands of Central Government. And, also, there will be many constitutional problems related to states. Since, election of whole country will be held at once, then definitely there will be a delay in election results.
So, it can be seen that this scheme has both merits and demerits. In the present scenario of our country, it seems tough for the regional parties to adopt this policy as they have already experienced defeat in the recent elections. So, before getting the agreement of all the political parties, the Central Government need to prepare well for this policy. Thus, it is the responsibility of our Government and the citizens to think in all the possible way and maintain this policy in a positive way for the betterment of the society and our country.
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