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TCS NQT Technical and Managerial Round Interview Questions

Technical Discussion :: DBMS

8. What are partial, alternate,, artificial, compound and natural key?

Answer:

Partial Key:
It is a set of attributes that can uniquely identify weak entities and that are related to same owner entity. It is sometimes called as Discriminator.

Alternate Key:
All Candidate Keys excluding the Primary Key are known as Alternate Keys.

Artificial Key:
If no obvious key, either stand alone or compound is available, then the last resort is to simply create a key, by assigning a unique number to each record or occurrence. Then this is known as developing an artificial key.

Compound Key:
If no single data element uniquely identifies occurrences within a construct, then combining multiple elements to create a unique identifier for the construct is known as creating a compound key.

Natural Key:
When one of the data elements stored within a construct is utilized as the primary key, then it is called the natural key.

Asked In :: TCS

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