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Technical Interview Questions and Answers :: DBMS

    Answer:

    A relation schema R is said to be in 4NF if for every Multivalued dependency X ->-> Y that holds over R, one of following is true
    > X is subset or equal to (or) XY = R.
    > X is a super key.

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    Answer:

    A Relation schema R is said to be 5NF if for every join dependency {R1, R2, ..., Rn} that holds R, one the following is true
    > Ri = R for some i.
    > The join dependency is implied by the set of FD, over R in which the left side is key of R.

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    53 / 140

    What is Domain-Key Normal Form?
    Answer:

    A relation is said to be in DKNF if all constraints and dependencies that should hold on the constraint can be enforced by simply enforcing the domain constraint and key constraint on the relation.

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    54 / 140

    What are partial, alternate,, artificial, compound and natural key?
    Answer:

    Partial Key:
    It is a set of attributes that can uniquely identify weak entities and that are related to same owner entity. It is sometimes called as Discriminator.

    Alternate Key:
    All Candidate Keys excluding the Primary Key are known as Alternate Keys.

    Artificial Key:
    If no obvious key, either stand alone or compound is available, then the last resort is to simply create a key, by assigning a unique number to each record or occurrence. Then this is known as developing an artificial key.

    Compound Key:
    If no single data element uniquely identifies occurrences within a construct, then combining multiple elements to create a unique identifier for the construct is known as creating a compound key.

    Natural Key:
    When one of the data elements stored within a construct is utilized as the primary key, then it is called the natural key.

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    55 / 140

    What is indexing and what are the different kinds of indexing?
    Answer:

    Indexing is a technique for determining how quickly specific data can be found.
    Types:
    > Binary search style indexing
    > B-Tree indexing
    > Inverted list indexing
    > Memory resident table
    > Table indexing

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    56 / 140

    What is system catalog or catalog relation? How is better known as?
    Answer:

    A RDBMS maintains a description of all the data that it contains, information about every relation and index that it contains. This information is stored in a collection of relations maintained by the system called metadata. It is also called data dictionary.

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    57 / 140

    What is meant by query optimization?
    Answer:

    The phase that identifies an efficient execution plan for evaluating a query that has the least estimated cost is referred to as query optimization.

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    58 / 140

    What is join dependency and inclusion dependency?
    Answer:

    Join Dependency:
    A Join dependency is a generalization of multivalued dependency. A JD {R1, R2... Rn} is said to hold over a relation R if R1, R2, R3, ..., Rn is a lossless-join decomposition of R . There is no set of sound and complete inference rules for JD.

    Inclusion Dependency:
    An Inclusion Dependency is a statement of the form that some columns of a relation are contained in other columns. A foreign key constraint is an example of inclusion dependency.

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    59 / 140

    What is durability in DBMS?
    Answer:

    Once the DBMS informs the user that a transaction has successfully completed, its effects should persist even if the system crashes before all its changes are reflected on disk. This property is called durability.

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    60 / 140

    What do you mean by atomicity and aggregation?
    Answer:

    Atomicity:
    Either all actions are carried out or none are. Users should not have to worry about the effect of incomplete transactions. DBMS ensures this by undoing the actions of incomplete transactions.

    Aggregation:
    A concept which is used to model a relationship between a collection of entities and relationships. It is used when we need to express a relationship among relationships.

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Database Management System(DBMS) is an important subject for Freshers and Experienced candidates, Who are looking to grab a job as a Database Developer or Administrator. Practice the frequently Asked DBMS Technical Interview Questions, DBMS Interview Questions Queries asked at Freshers and Experienced level. Most of the listed questions here have been previously asked during the technical rounds in IT companies. You can test your SQL database knowledge by solving these questions and compare your chances of getting the job with a top IT company.

Go through the basics of Database Management System before the interview process. Here, listed DBMS interview questions are Frequently asked during an Interview with different companies like Wipro, Accenture, TCS, Oracle, CTS, Adobe, TechM.

You can Filter the question set by the company name easily. If you are not sure about a specific answer, you can easily click and read the answer along with the explanation. So, check these SQL Technical Interview Questions and Answers to prepare for your dream job.