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21. In the following problems, you are told something about the result, and you must determine what the contents of the boxes must have been, in order to obtain that result.
In these problems, the expression (number in box X) is abbreviated as (X).
For example: "Is (4) greater than (7)?"
means "Is (number in box 4) greater than (number in box 7)?"
In each of the following problems, no two boxes contain the same number.
Which of the boxes 1, 2, 3 CANNOT POSSIBLY contain the largest number, the smallest number?
Answer: Option A
Explanation:Given Box 4 = EITHER C or F
Also, (1) means number in Box 1.
For C,
IS (3) > (1) ? NO --(1)
IS (2) > (1) ? YES --(2)
For F,
IS (3) > (1) ? YES --(3)
IS (2) > (1) ? YES --(4)
IS (3) > (2) ? YES --(5)
ANSWER
Number in BOX 1 cannot be largest(refer (1), (2), (3) and (4)),
And, Number in BOX 3 cannot be smallest(refer (1), (3) and (5)).
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22. In the following problems, you are told something about the result, and you must determine what the contents of the boxes must have been, in order to obtain that result.
In these problems, the expression (number in box X) is abbreviated as (X).
For example: "Is (4) greater than (7)?"
means "Is (number in box 4) greater than (number in box 7)?"
In each of the following problems, no two boxes contain the same number.
Which of the boxes 1, 2, 3 CANNOT POSSIBLY contain the largest number, the smallest number?
Answer: Option D
Explanation:Given Box 4 = EITHER B or E
Also, (1) means number in Box 1.
For B,
IS (3) > (1) ? NO --(1)
IS (2) > (1) ? NO --(2)
IS (3) > (2) ? YES --(3)
Here, (2) has the smallest and (1) has the largest number of the three.
For E,
IS (3) > (1) ? YES --(4)
IS (2) > (1) ? YES --(5)
IS (3) > (2) ? NO --(6)
Here, (2) has the largest and (1) has the smallest number of the three.
Therefore Option (D)None of these.
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23. The object of the following flow-chart is to rearrange the numbers in boxes 1, 2 and 3 in such a fashion that, at the end:
Box 3 will always contain the largest number,
Box 1 will always contain the smallest number,
However, this flow-chart is INCORRECT. As it stands, it will not accomplish the desired purpose.
Which one instruction must be changed to correct the flow-chart?
Answer: Option B
Explanation:The two conditions in the flowchart are :
Instruction 1 : IS (1) < (2) ? YES --(1)
Instruction 5 : IS (3) < (2) ? NO --(2)
ANSWER
The error is in Instruction 5, because BOX 3 will always contain the largest number and so the output to Instruction 5 will always be NO and the loop will end only on a YES.
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24. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
For an individual who works for a government organization and owns a house, it is given that he is 35 years old and earns Rs. 15,000 per month. What would be the approved_amt (in Rs.) for him?
Answer: Option B
Explanation:approved_amt = sal * 5 * (60 - age) = 15,000 * 5 * (60 - 35) = 18,75,000 Rs.
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25. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
A person wishes to apply for a loan worth Rs. 20, 00,000. Person does not own a house and also does not work for a government
organization. Will he get this loan approved if he draws a salary of Rs. 50,000 and his current age is 26 years?
Answer: Option B
Explanation:approved_amt = sal * (60 - age)
= 50,000 * (60 - 26)
= 17,00,000 Rs.
So, the loan will not be approved for the person mentioned in the question.
Correct answer: Option B
According to the given flow chart, highest approved amount of loan for the man is: 50000*(60-26)=1,700,000
Loan of rs. 2,000,000 can't be approved.
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26. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
A person wishes to avail a loan of Rs. 50, 00,000. He works for a government organization and does not own a house. Would he get the loan if he draws a salary of Rs. 60,000 and his age is 28 years. If he does get a loan, what amount would he be entitled? If not, by what amount he would be short of the required amount?
Answer: Option A
Explanation:approved_amt = sal * 3 * (60 - age)
approved_amt = 60,000 * 3 * (60 - 28)
approved amt = 57,60,000 Rs. So, yes, he would get a loan equal to Rs. 57,60,000.
Correct answer: Option A
approved_amt=60000*3*(60-28)=Rs. 5,760,000
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27. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
In which situation can this flowchart get stuck in an infinite loop?
Answer: Option B
Explanation:From the flowchart it is evident that M will always be a natural number equal to or greater than 1. For
values of N less than or equal to 0 the flowchart will get struck in an infinite loop.
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28. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
Which of the following correctly represents the bug present in this flowchart?
Answer: Option B
Explanation:The values of N equal to or less than 0 will make the flowchart to get struck in an infinite loop, so this is this bug
in the flowchart for values of N less than equal to 0.
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29. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
Which of the following value will be printed if the value of N = 0?
Answer: Option D
Explanation:For value of N equal to 0, the flowchart gets struck in an infinite loop. Hence answer to this question is option D (none of these)
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30. Study the flow chart shown below to answer the following questions.
Which among the following operations is not performed as per the process of the flow chart?
Answer: Option C
Explanation:Here is no explanation for this answer
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