# Logical Reasoning :: Statement and Assumption

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Statement: It is desirable to put the child in school at the age of 5 or so.

Assumptions:
I. At that age the child reaches appropriate level of development and is ready to learn.
II. The schools do not admit children after six years of age.

AOnly assumption I is implicit

BOnly assumption II is implicit

CEither I or II is implicit

DNeither I nor II is implicit

EBoth I and II are implicit

| | | Asked In Capgemini |

Explanation:

Since the statement talks of putting the child in school at the age of 5, it means that the child is mentally prepared for the same at this age. So, I is implicit. But nothing about admission after 6 years of age is mentioned in the statement. So, II is not implicit.

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Statement: "If you trouble me, I will slap you." - A mother warns her child.

Assumptions:
I. With the warning, the child may stop troubling her.
II. All children are basically naughty.

AOnly assumption I is implicit

BOnly assumption II is implicit

CEither I or II is implicit

DNeither I nor II is implicit

EBoth I and II are implicit

| | | Asked In Capgemini |

Explanation:

The mother warns her child with the expectation that he would stop troubling her. So, I is implicit. The general nature of children cannot be derived from the statement. So, II is not implicit.

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Statement: Through Internet has made school homework easy and fun, it is misused with student's exchanging notes.

Assumptions:
I. Internet is easy to use and is a source of entertainment.
II. School should discourage the usage of internet to do one's homework assignments.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Statement: Expulsion of few MP's from the parliament is not sufficient to cleanse the corruption in politics.

Assumptions:
I. Politicians are corrupt
II. The expelled MP's have been make spacegoates and bigger offenders have managed to escape.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Statement: An MBA degree from a premier institute is a pre-requisite for career in investment banking.

Assumptions:
I. All or most investment bankers are MBAs.
II. Only premier institutes impart the skills necessary to succeed as in investment banker.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Statement: Automobile manufacturers are not introducing the latest in safety design globally for the cars they produce in India or the India market.

Assumptions:
I. Indian laws on safety guidelines for automobiles are more tax compared to global standards.
II. Indian consumer is not wiling to pay for product of global standard.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Statement: Sales of laptop will exceed sales of desktops by next year as prices of laptops reduece further.

Assumptions:
I. Laptops are more expensive than desktops.
II. Price is a significant deciding factor in making a choice between laptops and desktops.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

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Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Such decisions as given in the statement are taken only after taking the existing vacancies into consideration. So, I implicit while II isn't.

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Statement: "To buy an X TV, contact Y, the sole agent of X TV." an advertisement

Assumptions:
I. People generally prefer to buy TV through sole agent.
II. The TV-producing companies do not sell their product directly.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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