Logical Reasoning :: Statement and Assumption

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 Statement: Through Internet has made school homework easy and fun, it is misused with student's exchanging notes.

Assumptions:
I. Internet is easy to use and is a source of entertainment.
II. School should discourage the usage of internet to do one's homework assignments.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement: Explusion of few MP's from the parliament is not sufficent to cleanse the corruption in politics.

Assumptions:
I. Politicians are corrupt
II. The expelled MP's have been make spacegoates and bigger offenders have managed to escape.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement: An MBA degree from a premier institute is a pre-requisite for career in investment banking.

Assumptions:
I. All or most investment bankers are MBAs.
II. Only premier institutes impart the skills necessary to succeed as in investment banker.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement: Automobile manufacturers are not introducing the latest in safety design globally for the cars they produce in India or the India market.

Assumptions:
I. Indian laws on safety guidelines for automobiles are more tax compared to global standards.
II. Indian consumer is not wiling to pay for product of global standard.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement: Sales of laptop will exceed sales of desktops by next year as prices of laptops reduece further.

Assumptions:
I. Laptops are more expensive than desktops.
II. Price is a significant deciding factor in making a choice between laptops and desktops.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement: "You are hereby appointed as a programmer with a probation period of one year and your performance will be reviewed at the end of the period for confirmation." - A line in an appointment letter.

Assumptions:
I. The performance of an individual generally is not known at the time of appointment offer.
II. Generally an individual tries to prove his worth in the probation period.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The performance of the individual has to be tested over a span of time as the statement mentions. So, I is implicit. The statement mentions that the individual's worth shall be reviewed (during probation period) before confirmation. So, II is also implicit.

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 Statement: The State government has decided to appoint four thousand primary school teachers during the next financial year.

Assumptions:
I. There are enough schools in the state to accommodate four thousand additional primary school teachers.
II. The eligible candidates may not be interested to apply as the government may not finally appoint such a large number of primary school teachers.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Such decisions as given in the statement are taken only after taking the existing vacancies into consideration. So, I implicit while II isn't.

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Statement: "To buy an X TV, contact Y, the sole agent of X TV." an advertisement


 


Assumptions:


I. People generally prefer to buy TV through sole agent.


II. The TV-producing companies do not sell their product directly.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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 Statement : Films have-one indispensable for the entertainment of people.

Assumptions:
I. Films are the only medium of entertainment.
II. People enjoy films.

AIf only assumption I is implicit

BIf only assumption II is implicit

CIf either I or II is implicit

DIf neither I nor II is implicit

EIf both I and II are implicit.

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

statement 2 is implicit
people enjoy films

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 Statement: Warning: Cigarette smoking is injurious to health.

Assumptions:
I. Non-smoking promotes health.
II. Really, this warning is not necessary.

AOnly assumption I is implicit

BOnly assumption II is implicit

CEither I or II is implicit

DNeither I nor II is implicit

EBoth I and II are implicit

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

None is implicit. Assumption I is a mere twisted form of the given statement.Smoking is injurious. It means that non-smoking is not injurious. And that's it. It doesn't mean that non-smoking promotes health. II obviously is just the opposite of what is true. Public warnings are given only when they are assumed to be necessary.

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