Logical Reasoning :: Statement and Argument

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Statement: Should India encourage exports, when most things are insufficient for internal use itself?

Arguments:
(i) Yes. We have to earn foreign exchange to pay for our imports.
(ii) No. Even selective encouragement would lead to shortages.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, India can export only the surplus and that which can be saved after fulfilling its own needs, to pay for its imports. Encouragement to export cannot lead to shortages as it shall provide the resources for imports. So, only argument I holds.

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Statement: Should India give away Kashmir to Pakistan?

Arguments:
(i) No. Kashmir is a beautiful state. It earns a lot of foreign exchange for India.
(ii) Yes. This would help settle conflicts.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, India cannot part with a state that is a major foreign exchange earner to it. So, argument I holds strong. Further, giving away a piece of land unconditionally and unreasonably is no solution to settle disputes. So, argument II is vague.

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Statement: Should there be students union in college/university?

Arguments:
(I) No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
(II) Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The students union formation shall be a step towards giving to students the basic education in the field of politics. However, it shall create the same political atmosphere in the campus. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.

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Statement: Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?

Arguments:
(I) Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
(II) No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, harnessing solar energy will be helpful as it is an inexhaustible resource unlike other resources. So, argument I holds. But argument II is vague as solar energy is the cheapest form of energy.

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Statement: Should children be legally made responsible to take care of their parents during their old age?

Arguments:
(I) Yes. Such matter can only be solved by legal means.
(II) Yes. Only this will bring some relief to poor parents.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Taking care of the parents is a moral duty of the children and cannot be thrust upon them legally, nor such a compulsion can ensure good care of the old people. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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Statement: Should India have no military force at all?

Arguments:
(I) No. Other countries in the world do not believe in non-violence.
(II) Yes. Many Indians believe in non-violence.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Clearly, India needs to have military force to defend itself against the threat of other military powers in the world. So, none of the arguments holds strong.

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Statement: Should health care service be nationalized?

Arguments:
I. Yes. It has been done elsewhere also.
II. No. The quality of health care service will deteriorate.


AIf only argument I is strong.

BIf only argument II is strong.

CIf either I or II is strong.

DIf neither I nor II is strong

EIf both I and II are strong

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Here is no explanation for this answer

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Decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments OR which is/are 'weak' arguments and Choose the correct option.

Statement:
Should there be students union in college/university?

Arguments:
I. No. This will create a political atmosphere in the campus.
II. Yes, it is very necessary Students are future political leaders.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

The students union formation shall be a step towards giving to students the basic education in the field of politics. However, it shall create the same political atmosphere in the campus. Thus, both the arguments hold strong.

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Decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments OR which is/are 'weak' arguments and Choose the correct option.

Statement:
Should all the annual examinations up to Std. V be abolished?

Arguments:
I. Yes. The young students should not be burdened with such examinations which hampers their natural growth.
II. No. The students will not study seriously as they will get automatic promotion to the next class and this will affect them in future.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option E

Explanation:

Clearly, neither the students can be burdened with studies at such a tender age, nor can they be left free to take studies casually, as this shall weaken their basic foundation. So, both the arguments follow.

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Decide which of the arguments is/are 'strong' arguments OR which is/are 'weak' arguments and Choose the correct option.

Statement:
Should India make efforts to harness solar energy to fulfil its energy requirements?

Arguments:
I. Yes, Most of the energy sources used at present is exhaustible.
II. No. Harnessing solar energy requires a lot of capital, which India lacks in.


AOnly argument I is strong

BOnly argument II is strong

CEither I or II is strong

DNeither I nor II is strong

EBoth I and II are strong

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Clearly, harnessing solar energy will be helpful as it is an inexhaustible resource unlike other resources. So, argument I holds. But argument II is vague as solar energy is the cheapest form of energy.

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