Take FREE!! Online AMCAT Mock Test to Crack Wipro NLTH, Capgemini, etc.
Get Off-Campus Placement Jobs Info !!!
Practice Given Here Wipro NLTH Practice Q&A

Tips And Tricks And Shortcuts To Solve Statements and Conclusion Questions

Home > Logical Reasoning > Statement and Conclusion > Tips, Tricks and Shortcut to solve


The Reasoning section of any government competitive exams or any IT companies written exam have at least a few questions from the topic "Statement & conclusion". There are 3 types of the section in Statement & conclusion, at least 2 or 3 questions will be from these sections. This topic is considered to be quiet important and every exam has a good number of questions are asked from this topic. As a small practice and by following the tips and tricks to solve these questions, you can solve a scoring topic in any type of exams correctly. We are listing all type of questions along with Tips and Trick to solve statement & conclusion questions quickly and accurately.

Statements & Conclusions Tips and Tricks and Shortcuts


Statement and conclusion are one of the important topics of logical reasoning. In this section, questions have a statement followed by a set of conclusions (the conclusion is a judgement or a decision which is derived after sufficient reasoning.). The candidate needs to choose the conclusion that logically follows the given statement the most. Here, you can get quick and easy tips and tricks to follow to solve Objective Reasoning questions competently in competitive exams. It depends upon the reader's practice/perception power to analyse the statements to arrive at the right conclusion.

There are three types of Statements and Conclusion: Here we are listing all three type of question.

Statement and Conclusion: Type 1



Statements:
Prime age school-going children in urban India have now become avid as well as more regular viewers of television, even in households without a TV. As a result, there has been an alarming decline in the extent of readership of newspapers.

Conclusions:
I. Method of increasing the readership of newspapers should be devised.
II. A team of experts should be sent to other countries to study the impact of TV. on the readership of newspapers.

(A) If only conclusion I follows
(B) If only conclusion II follows
(C) If either I or II follows
(D) If neither I nor II follows and
(E) If both I and II follow.

Statement and Conclusion: Type 2 (Symboperation Based)



DIRECTIONS:
The symbols %,?,$, #, and ! are used with the following meaning:
A % B = A is greater than B. A ? B = A is either greater than or equal to B.A $ B = A is smaller than B. A # B = A is either smaller than or equal to B. A ! B = A is equal to B.
Now, for each of the questions mark your answer options as follows:

(A) If only conclusion I is true
(B) If only conclusion II is true
(C) If both conclusion I and II are true
(D) If either conclusion I or II is true
(E) If neither conclusion I nor II is true

Statements: S% T, U $ S, T $ S, S ? M, Q ? R.

Conclusions:
I. T % U
II. M # T

Statement and Conclusion: Type 3


DIRECTIONS:
Choose the conclusion which logically follows from the given statement(s).

Statements:
Soldiers serve their country.

Conclusion:
(A) Those who serve their country are soldiers.
(B) Men generally serve their country.
(C) Women do not serve their country because they are not soldiers.
(D) Some men who are soldiers serve their country.

Tips and Tricks and Shortcuts for Statement and Conclusion to solve type 1 question: Direct Conclusion



Statements:
The old order changed yielding place to new.

Conclusions:
I. Change is the law of nature.
II. Discard old ideas because they are old.

Option:
(A) If only conclusion I follows
(B) If only conclusion II follows
(C) If either I or II follows
(D) If neither I nor II follows and
(E) If both I and II follow.

Correct Answer: A
Explanation:
It is clearly mentioned in the statement that old ideas are replaced by new ones, as thinking changes with the progressing time. So, the conclusion I follow the statement. It is not mentioned that old ideas are discarded as they are old So, II does not follow.


How to solve Statement and Conclusion type 1 question: Indirect Conclusion



Statement:
The recruitment committee has decided to shortlist those applicants who have a minimum 60% throughout their career. Anirudh has secured 75% in 10th and 57% in 12th standard. She graduated in science field with 78%.

Conclusion:
I. Anirudh will be shortlisted
II. Anirudh will not be shortlisted

Option:
A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Correct Answer: B
Explanation:
Anirudh scored 75% in 10th and 78% in graduation. But he scored only 57% in 12th standard. Therefore, he will not be shortlisted.


These are several types of questions that are asked form this section in different government exams and IT Companies written exams. Here Q4Interview have classified the problems in two types which are explained below.

In such types of questions, a statement is given followed by two or sometimes three conclusions. the candidate is required to find out which of conclusion follows the given statement and select the correct option accordingly. Following examples will give a better understanding of the type of questions asked.

Type 1: When only conclusion I follows.

Statement:
If Sangeeta will work consistently and hard, she will definitely pass the exam.

Conclusion:
I. Consistency and hard work are required to pass every exam.
II. Some people can pass the exam without consistency and hard work.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Correct Answer: A
Explanation:

It is very clear from the statement that to pass an exam one needs to work hard and consistently. It is not given in the statement that some people can pass even without working hard. Therefore, the only conclusion I follow the statement.

Type 2: When only conclusion II follows.

Statement:
Always consult your financial and investment advisor before investing in securities.

Conclusion:
I. No one should invest in securities.
II. The investment advisor analyzes the market risk and advice where and when to invest.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow
Correct Answer: B
Explanation:
In the statement above it is clearly mentioned that one should always consult the advisor before investing as he gives proper advice analyzing the market risk with the certainty. Nowhere in the sentence is it mentioned that no one should invest in market security. Therefore, only conclusion II follows.

Type 3: When either conclusion 1 or 2 follows.

Statement:
Government representative stated that “We will soon review the rule that needs to be changed according to public.”

Conclusion:
I. The government will change the rules
II. The government will not change the rules

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Correct Answer: C
Explanation:

The government representative not clearly stated whether the rules would change or not. He just stated that it will be reviewed. So, in this situation, either of both the conclusions can be determined.

Type 4: When neither conclusion 1 nor 2 follows.

Statement:
In India, more emphasis is given to pure and basic science rather than on engineering or technological field.

Conclusions:
I. The production industry in India has always been neglected.
II. India is sufficiently developed in basic and pure science.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow
Correct Answer: D
Explanation:

The statement above states that in India more emphasis is laid on pure and basic science but it is not mentioned that India is sufficiently developed in those fields. Therefore, conclusion II does not follow the statement. Similarly, nothing about the production industry is mentioned in the statement. Thus, the conclusion I do not follow the statement.


Type 5: When both conclusion 1 and 2 follows.

Statement:
Those students who do not behave properly in the class brings a bad name to both the family and the school itself.

Conclusion:
I. The students who do not behave properly should be taught discipline both in school and at home.
II. Students who do not behave properly in class create a bad impact on other students.

A. Only conclusion I follows
B. Only conclusion II follows
C. Either I or II follows
D. Neither I nor II follows
E. Both I and II follow

Correct Answer: E
Explanation:
The statement clearly states that students with bad behaviour bring a bad name to family and friends, so we can conclude that discipline should be taught to them and they also create a bad impact on other students.