On an island live 13 purple, 15 yellow and 17 maroon chameleons. When
two chameleons of different colors meet, they both change into the third
color. Is there a sequence of pairwise meetings after which all
chameleons have the same color?
A man lives on the tenth floor of a building. Every day he takes the
elevator to go down to the ground floor to go to work or to go shopping.
When he returns he takes the elevator to the seventh floor and walks up
the stairs to reach his apartment on the tenth floor. On a rainy day,
or if there are other people in the elevator, he goes to his floor
directly. He hates walking so why does he do it?
This is probably the best known and most celebrated of all lateral
thinking puzzles. It is a true classic. Although there are many possible
solutions which fit the initial conditions, only the canonical answer
is truly satisfying.