Verbal Reasoning :: Logical Problems
2. A boy buys 18 sharpeners (brown or white) for Rs. 100. For every white sharpener, he pays one rupee more than the brown sharpener. What is the cost of white sharpener & how much did he buy?
Assume that he bought b, brown sharpeners and w, white sharpeners and the cost of brown sharpener is x and white sharpener is x + 1
So w(x+1) + bx = 100
w + b = 18
b = 18 - w
Substituting in equation 1, we get w(x+1) + (18 -w)x = 100 so w + 18 x = 100
Take option 1: If white sharpners are 13, x = (100 - 13) /18 = 4.833
Option 2, If white sharpeners are 10, x = (100 - 10)/18 = 5 So white sharpeners cost is 6.
Option 3 Satisfies this condition.